Describe the theoretical and empirical knowledge about psychological trauma and the impact of victimization within this population

M5:2
Working with the population for which you were approved in formulating the bibliography in Module 1, follow the general guidelines for your Victim Population Analysis paper outlined below.
Tasks:
Read the research literature related to your chosen victim population. Consider the specific aspects that you will cover in your final paper (i.e., trauma, demographics, interaction with criminal justice system, victims’ rights, assessment, evaluation, and treatment). Using the research literature and specifically empirical studies, write a 12- to 14-page paper addressing the following:

  • Describe the theoretical and empirical knowledge about psychological trauma and the impact of victimization within this population.
  • Identify and evaluate commonalities and differences in demographic variables and psychological profiles between subtypes of victims that may present in this population.
  • Compare and contrast empirical research findings related to the assessment and evaluation of victims in this population.
  • Compare and contrast empirical research findings related to treatment for victims in this population.
  • Define and analyze the role and impact of the criminal justice system on victims within this population.
  • Define and analyze the role and impact of past and current legal rights on victims within this population.
  • Cite the references appropriately.

Your paper should rely upon scholarly resources from the professional literature. The literature may include the library resources, relevant textbooks, peer-reviewed journal articles, and websites created by professional organizations, agencies, or institutions (.edu, .org, and .gov).
My Paper
Introduction
Physical abuse trauma is a psychological, medical condition that is caused by inflicted physical injuries. Physical abuse is one of the most common types of abuse involving children as well as domestic violence. Physical abuse is a non-accidental trauma which is inflicted on an individual causing severe health challenges. According to the United States Department for Health and Human services, approximately 16% of children were physically abused in 2015. Statistics also show that the rate is likely to increase if there are no proper interventions in place. In 2016, approximately 25% of the child abuse victims involved physical, sexual and emotional abuse. In 2016, the rate of child abuse in the united stated was highest among the African American children at 14.5% where most of the victims fall in the range 2 and five years. These statistics show that physical abuse trauma is becoming a significant public health concern especially considering that the lives of many children are at stake especially taking into consideration their vulnerability.
Early life trauma, which includes sexual or physical abuse and neglect, can have lasting changes in the Central Nervous System. It is challenging to control these traumatic experiences because they are deeply embedded in a child development thus it takes significant consideration on important psychiatric and psychological interventions which define necessary changes to individual wellbeing. The typical effects of early childhood trauma include major depression, bipolar disorder, post-traumatic stress disorder, and schizophrenia. The welfare of children is based on the underlying interaction with people that they are closely related.
Annotated literature review
Norman, R. E., Byambaa, M., De, R., Butchart, A., Scott, J., & Vos, T. (2012). The long-term health consequences of child physical abuse, emotional abuse, and neglect: a systematic review and meta-analysis. PLoS medicine, 9(11), e1001349.
The articles highlight that the vulnerability of children makes it very difficult to control these abuses. The authors also highlight that the long-term consequences of both physical and sexual abuse are adverse and can easily lead to trauma and other critical mental problems. Thus, these effects are detrimental to positive individual development since they are associated with negative behavior.
This article provides a clear understanding of the mental challenges that result from physical abuse which have a detrimental influence on individual wellbeing concerning mental strength. This article will be crucial in improving knowledge of background knowledge on physical abuse trauma.
Lindert, J., von Ehrenstein, O. S., Grashow, R., Gal, G., Braehler, E., & Weisskopf, M. G. (2014). Sexual and physical abuse in childhood is associated with depression and anxiety over the life course: systematic review and meta-analysis. International journal of public health, 59(2), 359-372.
The article provides an emphasis on the effects of sexual and physical abuse. Sexual abuse has a severe long-term impact on a child. Most of the sexual abuse cases against a child are rarely reported. The authors highlight that sexual harassment is not an easy case to overcome for any given victim and thus it requires considerable efforts to ensure that these sexual abuse cases are treated effectively. However, there are significant barriers to the whole treatment of sexual abuse cases. It is critical to ensure that the entire treatment plan for sexually abused victims is completed to ensure that they recover effectively. Sexually abused victims have both physical and psychological concerns with the mental aspect of it having a long-term effect on an individual.
This article will be essential in determining essential concepts that define the development of physical abuse and the impact on children who are at high risk of physical abuse from their parents, guardians, and strangers.
Mojtabai, R., Stuart, E. A., Hwang, I., Eaton, W. W., Sampson, N., & Kessler, R. C. (2015). Long-term effects of mental disorders on educational attainment in the National Comorbidity Survey ten-year follow-up. Social psychiatry and psychiatric epidemiology, 50(10), 1577-1591.

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