Describe the link between research and the development of an evidence-based practice for nursing

Question description

Module 1: Introduction to Nursing Research and Evidence Based Practice


N494: Essentials of Nursing Research
N494 Essentials of Nursing Research introduces the steps of the research process and the role of research in the practice of professional nursing. The methods and analytical tools required to critically evaluate nursing research literature are emphasized. Quantitative and qualitative approaches are highlighted. The focus of this course is developing the foundations for accessing and analyzing current nursing research literature to enable the professional nurse to apply research to current practice and issues. The skills of using technology to locate research information are developed, and the essential role of databases is explored. An understanding of ethical research practices is explored. This course prepares students to be critical consumers of evidence based research, and serves as a foundation for graduate-level nursing research courses.
Course Goals:
By the conclusion of this course, student will be able to:

  • Articulate the role of research in the development of nursing knowledge and evidence based practice
  • Describe the basic concepts, techniques, and methodologies underlying the research process and their application in the study of nursing problems.
  • Identify researchable clinical nursing problems with the purpose of improving patient outcomes
  • Use information technology to retrieve hierarchical levels of evidence that addresses clinical questions.
  • Utilize effective critical thinking and written communication skills in the critique of research for applicability to nursing practice.
  • Integrate research findings into nursing practice to meet the changing needs of clients and professional nursing.
  • Describe current research priorities in nursing.
  • Identify legal, ethical and cultural considerations in research that involves human subjects.

Prerequisites:

  • N493

Required Textbook:

  • Melnyk, B. M. & Fineout-Overholt, E. (2015). Evidence-based practice in nursing & healthcare: a guide to best practice (3rd ed.) Philadelphia, PA: Wolters Kluwer Health. ISBN: 978-1-4511-9094-6
  • American Psychological Association. (2009) Publication manual of the American Psychological Association (6th ed.). Washington, D.C.: American Psychological Association. ISBN: 978-1433805615.

Module 1: Introduction to Nursing Research and Evidence Based Practice
Goals
After completing this module, you will be able to do the following:

  • Describe the link between research and the development of an evidence-based practice for nursing.
  • Analyze your role in research and evidence based practice as a professional nurse.
  • Trace the evolution of nursing research from the time of Florence Nightingale into the twenty-first century.
  • Predict future trends and priorities in nursing research.
  • Differentiate among the ways of acquiring nursing knowledge (tradition, authority, borrowing, trial and error, personal experience, role modeling, intuition, reasoning, and research) that you use in practice.
  • Describe the major national initiatives whose focus is to increase the use of evidence based practice.
  • Identify the 7 steps for the evidence based practice process.
  • Formulate a clinical foreground question related to nursing practice in PICOT format.
  • Identify corresponding research designs and other types of evidence that would best address the clinical question.
  • Compare and contrast information resources, databases and search strategies.
  • Perform a literature search to find evidence relevant to a clinical question.
  • Perform a rapid critical appraisal of the evidence available to answer a clinical question.

Overview
This module provides an overview of nursing research, the history of research, and the significance of research evidence for nursing practice. Research methodologies and their importance in generating an evidence-based practice for nursing are explored. Current trends and events in healthcare and the nursing profession are examined in the context of the evolution of nursing research.
The module explains importance of nursing research in developing an evidence-based practice and the nurse’s role in research is addressed. The past, present, and future of nursing research are explored, including the scientific accomplishments in the profession over the last 150 years. The ways of acquiring knowledge in nursing are discussed, including the significance of research in developing nursing knowledge. The module describes the components and steps of the evidence based practice process, reasons for implementing evidence based practice and major healthcare initiatives whose focus is to increase the use of evidence based practice. Strategies for developing searchable clinical questions and conducting a literature review for relevant evidence to answer clinical questions are explored. Research designs, types of evidence and key questions that are part of the rapid critical appraisal process are identified are discussed.

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