Introduction to Anatomy
1. Distinguish between the terms anatomy and physiology.
2. Describe the subfields of anatomy.
3. List the levels of the structural hierarchy in the correct sequence from smallest unit to the largest. Describe each.
4. Briefly define the concept of homeostasis.
5. Describe anatomical position.
6. Describe the three planes and recognize organs sected by each.
7. Use directional terms properly, relative to anatomical position.
8. Describe body cavities and list the organs found in each.
1. Name the four main tissue type and be able to place any specific tissue within its type.
2. Distinguish between the epithelial tissue, providing general functions and locations.
3. Distinguish between endocrine and exocrine glands.
4. Distinguish between the connective tissues (including fibrous, blood , cartilage and bone tissue), providing general functions and locations.
5. Compare and contrast the three muscle types, including functions and locations.
6. Distinguish between a neuron and neuroglial cell, functionally and physically.
7. Describe the serous membranes, in terms of function and location.
8. Describe the mucus membranes, in terms of function and location.
1. List the functions of the integumentary system.
2. Briefly discuss the function and physical characteristics of the epidermis. Name the tissue that forms that layer
3. Briefly describe the function and structure of the dermis. Name the tissue that forms that layer
4. Briefly describe the function and structure of the hypodermis. Name the tissue that forms that layer
4. Discuss the structure and function of the various glands of the skin.
5. Provide locations and functions for sensory organs in the skin.
Introduction to skeletal system
1. Describe the functions of the skeletal system.
2. Describe the composition of bone matrix.
3. Name the cells and structures of compact and spongy bone tissues. Include the types of marrow.
4. Describe the anatomy of a long bone, giving locations and functions of relevant tissues and structures.
1. In general, name and locate any of the selected bones relative to adjacent bones.
2. Name and locate the cranial bones. Identify the fontanelles and their function.
3. Name and locate the facial bones.
4. Name the bones which contain the paranasal sinuses. Provide functions for these sinuses.
5. Recognize the structure and number of each vertebra type.
6. Name and locate the bones forming the pectoral and pelvic girdles.
7. Name and locate the bones of the upper appendages.
8. Name and locate the bones of the lower appendages.
1. Describe the functional and structural characteristics for selected articulations.
2. For fibrous structure joint types, provide examples, and their degree of movement (function).
3. For cartilaginous structure joint types, provide examples, and their degree of movement (function).
4. For synovial structure joint types, provide examples, and their degree of movement (function).
5. Describe the selected movements of synovial joints.
Introduction to Muscular system.
1. List the physical characteristics, locations and functions of the three muscle tissues.
2. Describe the gross anatomy of a skeletal muscle, including connective structures connecting the muscle to a bone/body part.
3. Describe microscopic muscle anatomy of skeletal muscle cells.Identify the contractile unit of skeletal muscle cells.
4. Describe the conditions that allow muscle cells to contract.
5. Describe the functional categories of muscles.
6. Use the names of muscles to determine their location and/or function.
1. Name and locate the important skeletal muscles.
2. For those muscles indicate their specific actions.
Introduction to Anatomy