Explain how inulin can be utilized to determine glomerular filtration rate (GFR) in a person.

Explain how inulin can be utilized to determine glomerular filtration rate (GFR) in a person.

150 words

Syndrome of inappropriate antidiuretic hormone secretion (SIADH) is an endocrine disorder characterized by an increased release of antidiuretic hormone. Please explain the mechanism of action for the decreased urination demonstrated in patients who have this disorder.

150 words

Identify and describe antibodies main purpose and how they function.

The components of the immune system offer three lines of defense: The first line of defense involves surface barriers; the second line of defense involves the cells and proteins of innate immunity and the third defense involves the cells and protein of adaptive immunity.

Answer all the following questions:

  1. What are the major structures and functions of the lymphatic system and how does the lymphatic system interact with other body systems to help maintain homeostasis?
  2. Explain, with examples, the processes and rationale of fever and inflammation.
  3. Identify and describe antibodies main purpose and how they function. What do antibodies react to and how are they created?

What congenital heart disease is associated with heart murmurs?

1. Kate is born with features that do not look quite normal. Her eyes are wide-set and slightly slanted. Her nose is short and flat, and she keeps her mouth slightly open. There is a straight crease across her palm, and her fifth digit is unusually short. The doctor tells her parents she has an inherited disorder. If you were the doctor what would you diagnosis Kate with? Discuss the etiology of Kate’s disorder? What is the biggest risk factor for this disorder? How can or will this disorder affect Kate? What test could have been completed to diagnosis this disorder before Kate’s birth?

2. Research one autosomal dominant disease, one autosomal recessive disease, and a sex-linked disease. For each disease discuss: 1. Etiology, 2. Signs and Symptoms, 3. Diagnosis, 4. Treatment and Prevention. Provide additional information from an outside source.

3. A 12-year-old child experiences high fever and chills. He also says that his heart feels like its pounding. Two weeks before these symptoms, the child fell off his bike and skinned his knee. This child also has a history of a heart murmur. What disease should be considered and what is the treatment? What congenital heart disease is associated with heart murmurs?

4. A 59-year-old male calls the paramedics after experiencing an episode of chest pain while shoveling snow. He describes his pain as a crushing, tight feeling that radiates to his left arm and jaw. What type(s) of heart disease is this patient experiencing (explain)? What diagnostic test would you expect the physician to order and why? What is the treatment?

What will happen if the sebaceous gland slows their function?

1.  Someone doing manual labor what would you see when looking at a section of the dermis of their hands?

2.  A callus is a hardening of skin, which protein is very abundant here?

3.  What will happen if the sebaceous gland slows their function?

4.  Why does hair look shinier when we are sweating a lot?

5.  Skin grows from a particular layer, what is the name of this layer and what might happen if this layer gets damaged?

Explain why a person still feels thirsty after excessive consumption of alcoholic beverages.

Alcoholic beverages inhibit vasopressin secretion. Given this fact, predict the effect of alcohol on the rate of urine formation. Predict the actions of alcohol on ECF osmolarity. Explain why a person still feels thirsty after excessive consumption of alcoholic beverages.

150 words

William P. has had pronounced diarrhea for more than a week as a result of having acquired salmonellosis, a bacterial intestinal infection, from improperly handled food. What effect has this prolonged diarrhea had on his fluid balance and acid-base balance? In what ways has William’s body been trying to compensate for these imbalances?

150 words

What is the function of the heart?

What is the function of the heart? Please trace a drop of blood from the inferior vena cava (IVC) to the lungs and then from the lungs to the aorta. (Do not forget to include the valves).

Include 2 references (in APA format). Your post should be at least 250 words. 

Explain tubular reabsorption along the renal tubule and collecting duct.

BIO-520- Urinary, Fluid, and Acid/Base Balance

Please answer the following short answer questions. Answers should be clear and concise to address the main points of each topic as discussed in the subsequent weeks with a minimum of 250 words. An associated diagram/graph should be drawn (student-created) or included from the Internet (please include the URL) to help clarify any of your points. Utilize the checklist below to assist with completion of each essay answer:

10 points: The information is correct and the main points of the topic are explained appropriately.

5 points: A personal example or an application is included, which effectively helps to strengthen the topic’s points.

5 points: An appropriate diagram/graph is included to enhance the topic’s points. The diagram/graph could be student-created or an image from the Internet (please include the URL).

5 points: There are no grammatical and/or spelling errors.

5 points: Each topic question is answered in a minimum of 250 words.

Please add diagram/chart for each topic and include URL. Plus short answer 250 words.

Short Answer Topic #1: 

  • Explain glomerular filtration rate.

Short Answer Topic #2: 

  • Explain the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system (RAAS) and its effect on blood pressure.

Short Answer Topic #3: 

  • Explain tubular reabsorption along the renal tubule and collecting duct.

Short Answer Topic #4: 

  • Explain      countercurrent multiplication and its benefits.

Short Answer Topic #5: 

  • Compare and contrast respiratory acidosis/alkalosis states.

Short Answer Topic #6: 

  • Compare and contrast metabolic acidosis/alkalosis states.

Explain, with examples, the purpose and processes of the tubular and vascular elements of the nephron.

The urinary system is composed of the paired kidneys and the urinary tract and assist with our body’s ability to balances in fluid, electrolyte, and acid-base homeostasis.

Answer all the following questions:

  1. Explain the structures and functions of the urinary system, make certain to include the critical processes for urine production.
  2. Explain, with examples, the purpose and processes of the tubular and vascular elements of the nephron.
  3. Explain, with examples, the differences between the fluid, electrolyte, and acid-base homeostasis.

In a single essay, address each question asked in a single essay-style document with each topic separated with APA level headings, include an introduction and conclusion paragraph. The formatting for your submission is as follows:

  1. Submissions should be in .doc file format.
  2. Support your answers with 4 scholarly resources. Your textbook can be used as well.
  3. Follow APA format, Times New Roman, 12 Font, double spaced.
  4. Be sure to cite all sources appropriately. (See APA guidelines).
  5. An appropriate APA cover page and reference page should accompany your submission.
  6. Please view the evaluation rubric as you will be assessed on the adequacy of responses based on the criteria in the rubric.
  7. Minimal word requirement is 1500 words, not including Title or References pages. Be sure to structure your paper with APA level headings related to the assignment components.
  8. See the rubric for specific grading criteria.
  9. Plagiarism of any kind will result in an automatic score of a “0” for this assignment.

What parts of the nervous system control each muscle type?

After exploring the content for this module, you should be ready to discuss the topics at a deeper level with your classmates. The central nervous system integrates sensory information and initiates the pathways necessary to generate an appropriate response. Your task is to explore the muscular system and how the nervous system influences this organ system.

You should spend approximately 4 hours on this assignment.

Instructions

  1. Prepare a written post of at least 300 words responding to the follow bullet points:
    1. Describe the structure (gross and histological) and function of the three types of muscle tissue.
    2. Identify structural similarities between skeletal muscle and nervous tissue, focusing on prominent, specialized subcellular structures and organization of fibers.
    3. What parts of the nervous system control each muscle type? Think about lobes, nuclei, ganglia, tracts, etc.
    4. Predict how each of the three muscle types may be affected when a patient suffers from a stroke.
  2. Consult the resources that are posted to your own post, and explain why each resource is or isn’t a valid resource.
  3. All references must be cited using APA Style format. Please refer to the CCCOnline APA Citation Toolkit.

Sources must be reliable websites

Explain one type of cancer that affect the digestive system and what degree of threat it carry to the body health.

Write 400Write 400 word APA essay that explain one type of cancer that affect the digestive system and what degree of threat it carry to the body health. Support your essay with reference. word APA essay that explain one type of cancer that affect the digestive system and what degree of threat it carry to the body health. Support your essay with reference.